I recently found this post over on CG Coach’s Blog. It breaks down the feature animation process with definitions and plenty of examples. All the way down the line from: Story, Layout, Modeling, Texturing, Rigging, Animation, Surface Shading, Lighting and Rendering, FX and Compositing. It has breakdowns for just about all of these and seems really helpful. Check it out here: The Feature Animation Process.
Check out the site as well CG Coach, seems like a great resource. Look around and enjoy.